Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Connect to Database
This database is freely available to the general public via the Internet.
The Astrophysics Data System (ADS) is a portal searching three bibliographic databases containing more than 12 million records. It contains abstracts, full-text scans of journal articles, links to articles and data online at other data centers, and reference/citation information available for free to users all over the world. The ADS contains bibliographic listings back to volume 1 of most major journals, many minor journals, and several conference proceedings, PhD theses, observatory reports, and other historical literature.
There are a number of search interfaces and query forms available other than the simple single search box presented on the original home page::
- Separate search forms are available for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Physics and Geophysics, and the large physics preprint archive named arXiv.
- The new ADS "Bumblebee" beta interface to search across all abstracts and full-text of major publications and includes tabs for classic, modern, and paper query screens (forms).
- A set of browsable interfaces
Help pages and FAQ's are available on-line. ADS also maintains an extensive citation database. Each record has a count of and link to all the citing (newer) papers. The myADS Update Service is a free custom notification service promoting current awareness of the recent technical literature. ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) under a NASA grant.
Please note that all abstracts and articles in the ADS are copyrighted by the publisher, and their use is free for personal use only. For more information, please read their page detailing the Terms and Conditions regulating the use of their resources.
1057 to present, not comprehensive for years prior to about 1975.