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Toolkit for SEAS Students: Handbooks, Properties, Patents and More: Standards

Last Updated: Jul 16, 2018 11:56 AM

What Are Standards, and How Do You Find Them

Standards are detailed instructions that explain how something is to be manufactured, managed, designed, or otherwise handled. Standards are usually written by an authoritative body, such as a professional organization, government agency, or manufacturer. The Institute for Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE), for example, publishes electronic and electrical engineering-related standards.

To locate a standard, you should (ideally) know the following:

  • Acronym and name of the publishing organization
  • Standard number
  • Title of the standard
  • Date of the standard
  • Subject of the standard

To identify a standard on a particular topic (e.g., seat belts) or to verify a standard's date or number, use the following publicly accessible database:

  • ANSI WebStore
    https://webstore.ansi.org/
    Search for ANSI, ASTM, ISO, IEC, and other standards publishers by keyword or document number. Be sure to re-set the search box to "KEYWORD" if searching that way. This will provide you with the acronym and name of the publishing organization (as well as a standard number and the title of the standard).

Other specialized indexes exist for military standards, federal standards, foreign national standards, etc. These indexes are identified and cited in the respective sections accessible through the tabs above. Links are provided to the web version of an index where one is available.

Then, use the listing below organized by acronym of the organization issuing the standard to see if UB has the standard. If it is not listed, you may refer to the Standards and Specifications Guide for more details on obtaining standards, or contact Erin Rowley, Engineering Librarian, epautler@buffalo.edu.

U.S. Industry Standards at UB

The UB Libraries have a selected collection of standards and specifications. Some are in print while others are accessible online.  Use this guide to find out which standards are available to you. If you can't find what you need, contact Engineering Librarian, Erin Rowley, at epautler@buffalo.edu.

AA - Aluminum Association

We have a few AA standards, listed below. Information about other AA standards is available via the Aluminum Association website.

  • Aluminum Standards and Data (2003)
    Lockwood Library Sci & Engr Reference Collection TA 480 .A6 A77
  • Aluminum Design Manual (2015)
    Lockwood Library Sci & Engr Reference Collection TA 690 .A45

AASHTO - American Association of State Highway & Transportation Officials

We keep current with certain selected AASHTO standards and specifications, including those listed below.  Information about other AASHTO standards is available online from the AASHTO website.

  • Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets (6th edition, 2011) (aka "The Green Book")
    APL Book Collection in the Health Sciences Library TE 175 .A55 2011
  • Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways (2012 ed.)
    Lockwood Library Sci & Engr Reference Collection TE 228.1 .M8 2012; also available at: http://mutcd.fhwa.dot.gov/
  • Manual for Bridge Evaluation (2nd edition, with 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016 interim revisions)
    Available online via our subscription to Knovel E-Books
  • LRFD Bridge Design Specifications (7th edition, 2014) with 2015 and 2016 interim revisions
    Available online via our subscription to Knovel E-Books
  • LRFD Bridge Design Specifications (6th edition, 2012) with 2012 and 2013 interim revisions and 2012 errata
    Lockwood Library Sci & Engr Reference Collection TG 23 .A25 2012; also available online via our subscription to Knovel E-Books (online version includes 2012 and 2013 interim revisions and 2012 errata)
  • LRFD Bridge Construction Specifications (3rd ed., with 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, and 2016 interim revisions)
    Available online via our subscription to Knovel E-Books
  • Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges (17th edition, 2002)
    Lockwood Library Sci & Engr Reference Collection TG 310 .A6
  • Guide Specifications for Seismic Isolation Design (3rd edition, 2010)
    Lockwood Library Sci & Engr Reference Collection TG 265 .A43
  • Guide Specifications for LRFD Seismic Bridge Design (2nd ed., 2011, with 2012, 2014, and 2015 interim revisions)
    Available online via our subscription to Knovel E-Books
  • LRFD Guide Specifications for the Design of Pedestrian Bridges with 2015 Interim Revisions (2nd edition)
    Available online via our subscription to Knovel E-Books; note: the earlier, 2009 edition is in print and available in the Lockwood Library Book Collection, call number: TG 428 .L74 2009
  • Standard Specifications for Structural Supports for Highway Signs, Luminaires, and Traffic Signals (6th edition, 2013)
    Lockwood Library Book Collection TE 228 .S72 2013
  • AASHTO/AWS D1.5M/D1.5:2015 Bridge Welding Code (7th edition, 2015)
    Lockwood Library Sci & Engr Reference Collection TG 315 .B75 2015

ACI - American Concrete Institute

  • ACI Manual of Concrete Practice (2016 edition)
    Lockwood Library Sc & Engr Reference Collection TA 439 .A358

    This multi-volume set (issued annually) contains all of the widely used ACI concrete and masonry code requirements, specifications, guides, and reports. The most recent edition is shelved in Reference. Older editions are shelved in the Lockwood Book Collection or in the Annex under the same call number.  Please Note: Since ACI does not print the full text of every standard and guide annually, you may find only a single-page synopsis for the desired standard or guide in the most current edition. If you find such a synopsis page, you will need to go to the older editions and work your way back chronologically until you find the latest year that provides the full text.

See the ACI website for additional information about ACI standards and standards-related activities.


APHA / AWWA / WPCF - American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, and Water Pollution Control Federation

  • Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (22nd ed., 2012)
    Lockwood Library Sci & Engr Reference Collection QD142 .A5

ASCE - American Society of Civil Engineers

  • We have most current ASCE standards in print. These are shelved either in the Lockwood Science & Engineering Reference Collection on the 1st floor of Lockwood Library or in the Lockwood Book Collection. To locate them in the UB Libraries' collections, use the listing on the ASCE standards webpage to get the full title and then search by the title in the UB Libraries Catalog to get the library location and call number information or contact the Engineering Librarian at epautler@buffalo.edu.

ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers

We do not collect ASME standards.  We do have older editions of the Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code - see below.

  • ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code (older editions only: 1962, 1965-1966, 1974, 1980) Libraries Annex TJ290 .A7
    The most recent complete print edition in our collections is the 1980 edition. Please Note: The downtown Buffalo & Erie County Public Library may own or have access to more current complete editions of the ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code.

Detailed information on ASME codes and standards is available from the ASME website.


ASTM International (formerly, American Society for Testing & Materials)

  • Annual Book of ASTM Standards (2017 & 2014 editions are kept in Reference)
    Lockwood Science & Engineering Reference Collection TA 401 .A64

    Volume 1 of this multi-volume work is the index for the set and contains both a subject and alphanumeric listing of all of the standards and test methods included in the collection. The ASTM website also provides access to an online catalog that can be searched by keyword or standard number to help you identify relevant standards in this printed set. The 2017 edition, shelved in the Lockwood Library Science & Engineering Reference Collection, is the most recent set we have. The 2014 edition is also available in the Lockwood Library Science & Engineering Reference Collection. Older editions are shelved in the Lockwood Book Collection under the same call number or in the Annex.

    For mandatory ASTM standards, meaning those standards specifically named in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), you can read the full text of these documents, for free at the ASTM Reading Room. Please be aware, standards cannot be downloaded or printed, but the full text can be read in the browser. Also important to note, is the most recent version (year) of the ASTM standard is not always the mandatory version. Only the version that is currently mandatory can be viewed through the ASTM Reading Room.


IEEE - Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers

We have access to all current IEEE standards through our subscription to IEEE Xplore:

  • IEEE Standards (Current) - Members of the UB community have access to the full text of current IEEE standards via  IEEE Xplore. Once connected, select "Standards" from the left-hand search menu.
  • IEEE 802 Standards - Through its Get IEEE 802 program, IEEE makes IEEE 802 standards available to the public for free in PDF formats.  These standards relate to local and metropolitan area networks.  New standards are included in the program six months after they have been published.  Drafts are not part of the program. To read about the program, go to http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/browse/standards/get-program/page/.  To download the standards, go to http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/browse/standards/get-program/page/series?id=68.
  • National Electrical Safety Code - The full text of the NESC 2012 edition is available to UB staff, faculty, and students via IEEE Xplore.  Once connected, from under Browse, select Standards, and then in the keyword search box type in "National Electrical Safety Code" or try directly linking via http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/5967877/ .
  • AIEE Standards (1923-1962; incomplete) - Historical standards developed by the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, the forerunner of IEEE, are kept in storage in the UB Libraries Annex (call number TK 275 .A63). For information on how to retrieve these materials, see the UB Libraries Annex Services web page.

The IEEE Standards website provides information about IEEE's standards and standard-related activities.


SAE - Society of Automotive Engineers

We are not currently subscribing to SAE standards.  The last edition of the SAE Handbook (which contains the "J" standards; but not the "AMS" or "AS" standards) that we have is the 2010 edition.

  • SAE Handbook (2010 edition)
    Silverman Multimedia Audio Visual Collection CD 5341

    This multi-volume handbook was discontinued by SAE. The last edition we have is the 2010 edition on CD, which contains the full text of all SAE automotive "J" (Ground Vehicle) standards current as of that date. You can ask for it at the Service Desk on the 3rd floor of Silverman Library in Capen Hall by the CD number given above. Older, print editions are shelved in the Lockwood Book Collection on the 3rd floor under the call number TL159 .S62 or in the UB Libraries Annex.

    The SAE Standards web page provides information on other SAE standards including the "AS" (Aerospace Standards) series and the "AMS" (Aerospace Material Specifications) series. These can be be searched by topic and downloaded from the SAE website for a fee.

U.S. Military Standards and Specfications

International Standards

We do not, in general, collect international standards. Exceptions are noted below for IEC and ISO. 

IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission

  • We have several IEC standards related to medical devices in our collection:
    • IEC 60601-1:2005+AMD1:2012, Medical electrical equipment. Part 1 General requirements for basic safety and essential performance. Lockwood Library Sci & Engr Reference Collection R856.6 .M43 2012
    • IEC 60601-1-2:2014, Medical electrical equipment. Part 1-2, General requirements for basic safety and essential performance--collateral standard: electromagnetic disturbances--requirements and tests. Lockwood Library Sci & Engr Reference Collection R856.6 .M4312 2014
    • IEC 60601-1-6:2010+AMD1:2013, Medical electrical equipment. Part 1-6, General requirements for basic safety and essential performance--collateral standard: usability. Lockwood Library Reference Collection R856.6 .M4313 2013
    • IEC 62366-1:2015, Medical devices. Part 1, Application of usability engineering to medical devices. Lockwood Library Sci & Engr Reference Collection R856.6 .M43 2015
  • We also have one joint IEC / ISO standard in the ISO 9000 series: ISO / IEC 9001:2015: Quality management systems: requirements. Health Sciences Library Book Collection HD 62.15 Q1 2015
  • For more information on IEC standards, see the IEC website, which provides access to a catalog of IEC standards and other documents.

ISO - International Organization for Standardization

  • ISO is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies from some 130 countries, one from each country. ANSI is the United States' representative to ISO. ISO's mission is to promote the development of standardization and related activities worldwide with a view to facilitating the international exchange of goods and services. ISO publishes and distributes the ISO 9000 and 14000 standards.
  • The ISO 9000 series is used worldwide as an international standard for quality assurance and quality control.  We have one of the standards in this series: ISO / IEC 9001:2015: Quality management systems: requirements. Health Sciences Library Book Collection HD 62.15 Q1 2015
  • The ISO 14000 series applies to environmental management systems. We do not have these standards in our collections.
  • In this country, the ISO 9000 and 14000 series have been issued by the American Society for Quality Control . The downtown Buffalo & Erie County Public Library may own or have access to these sets of standards.
  • For more information on ISO standards, see ISO Online, which provides access to an online catalog of ISO standards that can be searched by title word and standard number. Ordering information is also provided. ISO standards can also be ordered through ANSI.

Engineering Librarian

Erin Rowley's picture
Erin Rowley
Contact:
108A Lockwood Library
University at Buffalo
Buffalo, NY 14260
716-645-1369

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