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RLL 199 - Representations of Smoking and the Smoker: MLA 8th Guidelines

Last Updated: Jul 29, 2021 9:24 AM

Welcome

Welcome to the MLA 8th Guidelines Page for your course. 

Please refer to the formulas below for formatting a proper citation.Take note that this is an abbreviated guide. 

For more information, navigate to the Purdue Online Writing Lab.

More than One Author in a Citation

Two Authors (applies to both books and articles)

Last Name, First Name, and First Name Last Name.

ex) Smith, John, and Carly Morrison.

Three or more Authors (applies to both books and articles)

Last Name, First Name, et al.

ex) Pearson, Joshua, et al.

MLA 8th In Text Citations

In-Text Citation

(Jones 378).

In-Text Citation, Two Authors

(Jones and Miller 378).

In-Text Citation, Three or More Authors

(Jones et al. 378).


When no page number is provided, please follow the formats below:

In-Text Citation, No Page Number Provided

(Jones).

In-Text Citation, Two Authors, No Page Number Provided

(Jones and Miller).

In-Text Citation, Three or More Authors, No Page Number Provided

(Jones et al.).


If no author is provided, please follow the format below:

In-Text Citation, No Author. Use Title Instead

(“Clay Pot Snowman Tutorial”).

If the title can be shortened, do so. For example, the title “Allergies: Basic Info You Need to Know.”: (“Allergies”).

Month Abbreviations

  • Jan.
  • Feb.
  • Mar.
  • Apr.
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • Aug.
  • Sept.
  • Oct.
  • Nov.
  • Dec.

For more information...

Please visit the Purdue Online Writing Lab if you have any other questions regarding MLA 8th citation.

a Physical Book from the Library

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.​

Jones, Marlo. An Age of Inquiry, Penguin Books, 2015.

an eBook from the Library

Last Name, First Name. Title of eBook. Publisher, Publication Date. Database Name, URL. Date of Access.

Nicholas, Lorraine, and Geraldine Morris. Rethinking Dance History: A Reader. Taylor & Francis, 2004.
ProQuest Ebook Central, ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/buffalo/detail.action?docID=1487145#.
Accessed 10 Jan. 2018.

Scholarly Journal Article Citations

Journal Article from a Database with DOI available:

Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Name of Journal, vol., no., date, page numbers. Database Name, DOI. Date of Access.

Landes, Thomas. "Fresh Water Fisheries in the Great Lakes." Great Lakes Studies,
vol. 21, no. 1, 3 Mar. 2010, pp. 90-105. Academic Search Complete,
doi:10.1002/tox.20155. Accessed 26 July 2018.


Journal Article from a Database with no DOI available:

Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Name of Journal, vol., no., date, page numbers. Database Name, URL. Date of Access.

Landes, Thomas. "Fresh Water Fisheries in the Great Lakes." Great Lakes Studies,
vol. 21, no. 1, 3 Mar. 2010, pp. 90-105. Academic Search Complete,
search.ebscohost.com.gate.lib.buffalo.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=125596706&site=ehost-live&scope=site.
Accessed 24 Dec. 2017.

an Image from a Website

Last Name, First Name (or username). "Title of Image." Name of Website, date, URL. Date of Access.

Jose and Roxeanne. "Flowers." Flickr, 31 Dec. 2017, flic.kr/p/8bD3aP. Accessed 2 Apr. 2018.

Websites

A Full Website:

The Buffalo History Museum. The Buffalo & Erie County Historical Society, 2018,
www.buffalohistory.org/. Accessed 14 Feb. 2018.


A Page on a Website with an Author:

Fong, Jonathan. "Clay Pot Snowman Tutorial." eHow,
www.ehow.com/13661861/clay-pot-snowman-tutorial. Accessed 11 Oct. 2017.


A Page on a Website without an Author:

"Allergies: Basic Info You Need to Know." WebMD, Aug. 2016, 
www.webmd.com/allergies/allergy basics. Accessed 6 Aug. 2018.

a Tweet

@Twitter handle. "Entire tweet." Twitter, date, time, URL. Date of Access.

@GretchenAMcC. "Where. Are. Kids. Supposed. To. Learn. How. To. Email." Twitter, 30 Aug. 2018, 3:58 p.m.,  
twitter.com/GretchenAMcC/status/1035300677529034753. Accessed 11 Sept. 2018.

a YouTube Video

Last Name, First Name (or username) if different from uploader. "Title of Video." YouTube, uploaded by Name or Username, date, URL. Date of Access.

"John Berger on Ways of Seeing, Being an Artist, and Marxism (2011) - Newsnight Archives." Youtube, uploaded by BBC Newsnight,  
3 Jan. 2017, youtu.be/b5y7QRt2bws. Accessed 12 Sept. 2018.