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MLA 8th Guidelines: CRAAP Test

Last Updated: Nov 7, 2019 9:19 AM

Evaluating Resources Using the CRAAP Test

When using resources from the internet, be it information found on Google or through the library databases, it is important that you justify why the information is good to use. A simple tool called the CRAAP test can help you become a good judge of information.

the CRAAP Test

CRAAP Test: Tips on Evaluating Sources

Currency: the timeliness of the information

  • How recent is the information?
  • Can you locate a date when the page(s) were written/created/updated?
  • Based on your topic, is the information current enough?

Relevance: importance of the information

  • What kind of information is included in the Web site?
  • Is it pertinent to my topic?
  • Is the content primarily fact, or opinion? Is the information balanced, or biased? Can I rely on it?
  • Does the author provide references for quotations and data?
  • If there are links, do they work?

Authority: the source of the information

  • Can you determine who the author/creator is? is there a way to contact them?
  • What are their credentials (education, affiliation, experience, etc.)?
  • Who is the publisher or sponsor of the site? Are they reputable?

Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the information

  • Is it accurate? Is it supported by evidence?
  • Is the information balanced or biased?
  • Was it peer-reviewed?
  • Can you verify the information from another reliable source?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or typographical errors?
  • Can you determine who the author/creator is? is there a way to contact them?

Purpose: the reason the information exists

  • What's the intent of the Web site (to persuade, to sell you something, etc.)?
  • What is the domain (.edu, .org, .com, etc.)?
  • Are there ads on the Web site?
  • How do they relate to the topic being covered (e.g., an ad for ammunition next to an article about firearms legislation)?
  • Is the author presenting fact, or opinion? Who might benefit from a reader believing this Web site?
  • Based on the writing style, who is the intended audience?

CRAAP Test Video