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Systematic Reviews in the Health Sciences: Tools

Gain an understanding of systematic reviews, scoping reviews and other evidence synthesis methodologies from start to finish.
Last Updated: Nov 21, 2023 1:23 PM

Screening Tools

EndNote app logo


This citation management software is a multipurpose tool for systematic reviews: import references from multiple databases, organize and manage references and ultimately format bibliographies and manuscripts. Free for current UB students, faculty and staff.

Rayyan logo


This screening tool has free and paid options. It offers some machine learning capabilities. At this time, the Libraries can only provide very limited support on this tool.

Covidence logo


Projects on which Health Sciences Librarians are active authors may have the option of using Covidence, fee-based software designed for systematic reviews.

Distiller SR Logo

Distiller SR

Fee-based systematic review software with some machine learning capability. The Libraries does not subscribe to this product and can only provide very limited support.

Literature Search Tools

Project Management

Multipurpose SR Tools

Meta-Analysis Tools

Minimizing Bias

The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions provides a definition of non-reporting biases can be minimized by identifying all relevant literature on a research topic (see Table 7.2a).

Grey literature and unpublished negative results