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Environmental Design: Writing Skills and Presentations

Last Updated: Sep 15, 2023 12:55 PM

Citing in Presentations

When citing sources within a presentation, you can include your references as in-text citations on each slide or provide a reference list slide at the end of your presentation or combine these and have in-text citations and a reference list.

Make sure your audience knows where you obtained the information, visuals, and other materials you used in the presentation.

Credit the source of the image, when using free images from the web. Do not reproduce images without permission. Some are labeled as "public use" images but always check the permissions for each image.


Plagiarism is theft of intellectual property: Intellectual property is work or invention that is the result of creativity, such as a manuscript or a design, to which one has rights and for which one may apply for a patent, copyright, trademark, etc. 

Common knowledge – same information undocumented in five different sources, common clichés or sayings, or facts your reader will know
(ex. Albany is the capital of New York).

How to avoid plagiarism:

  • Quotes around author’s words 
  • Use own words – can summarize or paraphrase but in own words but you still need to give credit

APA Citations

Government Report: no author:
Organization Name. (Year). Title of report. URL
New York State Department of Transportation. (2020). NYS route 5 (Buffalo skyway) project: project scoping report.

Government Report: with author's name:
Last name, F. M., & Last name, F. M. (Year). Title of report. Organization Name. URL

Website with author's name:
Last name, F. M. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL
ex: LaChiusa, C. (2002). Michigan Street Baptist Church. Buffalo as an architectural museum.

Website with group's name:
Group name. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site name. URL
United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2022, August 26). Buffalo River AOC. Great lakes AOC.

Website without author's name:
Title of page. (Year, Month Date). Site name. Retrieved Month Date, Year, from URL
If no date is listed use (n.d.).

Wikipedia entry: 
Title of article. (Year, Month Date). In Wikipedia. URL of archived version of page
Rev. J. Edward Nash Sr. house.(2022, June 2). In Wikipedia.

Using UB Libraries Everything, Catalog, and Databases:
All of the library sources have a "Cite" or "Citation" button or link on the article record page. Select APA style and copy and paste the citation. (Please be aware that there are no citation styles that are in ALL CAPS, just change it to the appropriate Title of article.)

Perdue Online Writing Lab: (OWL): APA citation style format

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL): a detailed guide to APA, MLA, and Chicago citation styles, access "Research and Citation" on the left to for citation style help.