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Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences: LGBTQIA+ Health

Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences research resources
Last Updated: Jun 20, 2024 2:10 PM


Progress Pride Flag V-shaped segments of white, pink and light blue for trans representation, followed by brown and black to represent people of color and those lost to HIV/AIDS appear on the left-side of the flag, with horizontal stripes of red, orange, yellow, green, blue and purple on the right side

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning, intersex, asexual or agender and other (+) sexualities and genders. The language used for these identities is extensive and evolving. It is important to note that many of these terms can mean different things to different people (e.g. the history and reclamation of the word queer). 

Individuals within these communities experience unique health-related barriers and disparities. Healthy People 2030 has set the goal to "improve the health, safety, and well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people."

The resources below can help you familiarize yourself with the challenges LGBTQIA+ individuals face, incorporate strategies in your practice that can address some of these issues, and engage with the research in these areas.

Getting Started: Providing LGBTQIA+ Inclusive Care

Plaza, C. M., Mathews, J., & Hanneman, T. (2015). The role of pharmacists in LGBTQ health [Slides]. Pharmacy Faculty/Staff Publications

Ponushis, A. (2021, Feb. 19). Advocating for LGBTQ+ education. Academic Pharmacy Now, (1).

Shah, A. (2022, Feb. 25). How to create an inclusive culture for LGBTQ+ patients at the pharmacy: A practical approach. Pharmacy Times

Research Literature Databases

Literature Highlights

Chaudhary, S., Ray, R., & Glass, B. (2021). Pharmacists' role in transgender healthcare: A scoping review. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 17(9), 1553–1561. UB Libraries Link

Grundmann, O., Segal, R., Pullo, J., Davis, L., Felix-Irizarry, Y., Da Silva, L., & Holets, T. (2020). The pharmacist as an LGBTQ ally. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 84(7), 874–876. UB Libraries Link

Llayton, C., Wagner, T. D., Anderson, A. N., Crawford, A. N., Donohoe, K. L., Matulewicz, A. T., & Caldas, L. M. (2021). Introducing lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, asexual, others (LGBTQIA+) patient care through laboratory-based exercises. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. UB Libraries Link

Pienaar, K., Murphy, D. A., Race, K., & Lea, T. (2020). Drugs as technologies of the self: Enhancement and transformation in LGBTQ cultures. International Journal of Drug Policy, 78. UB Libraries Link

van der Graaf, P. H. (2021). Diversity in clinical pharmacology and therapeutics. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 110(4), 837–840. UB Libraries Link

Vernon, V. P., Cieri-Hutcherson, N. E., Arellano, R., Collins, O., & Lodise, N. M. (2023). Contraception for transgender and gender diverse individuals in pharmacy education: A cross-sectional survey and select resources. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning. UB Libraries Link Advance online publication.


Open Web Resources

Spotlight on Trans, Nonbinary, Gender Fluid, and Gender Nonconforming Health

National Transgender Discrimination Survey

In 2011, the National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force released the first National Transgender Discrimination Survey (NTDS) titled Injustice at Every Turn. This initial report revealed the pervasive discrimination and violence trans individuals face throughout society. You can also review the executive summary and additional analyses of the data by region, state and ethnicity of respondents.

Within Pharmacy

Pharmacists play an integral role in the lives and treatment of transgender individuals who undergo hormore therapy. A study from Lewis et al. demonstrated discrimination from pharmacists is a common concern among trans and gender non-conforming adults. Discrimination and other barriers can lead those looking to undergo gender-transition care to seek out do-it-yourself hormone replacement therapy (DIY HRT).

Transgender and gender non-conforming pharmacists have also shared their experiences within the profession and have brought forward discrimination they have experienced.

What is deadnaming and what impact does it have on individuals?

"Why Deadnaming is Harmful" from the Cleveland Clinic's Health Essentials is a quick and easy read on the topic.

"Making Mistakes When Serving Gender Diverse Patients and Recovering" from Cei Lambert of the National LGBT Health Education Center is a set of slides with a number of case examples in healthcare settings.

Goldenberg, T., Gamarel, K. E., Reisner, S. L., Jadwin-Cakmak, L., & Harper, G. W. (2021). Gender affirming as a source of resilience for addressing stigmatizing healthcare experiences of transgender youth of color. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 55(12), 1168–1183. UB Libraries Link

Hisle-Gorman, E., Schvey, N. A., Adirim, T. A., Rayne, A. K., Susi, A., Roberts, T. A., Klein, D. A. (2021). Mental healthcare utilization of transgender youth before and after affirming treatment. Journal of Sexual Medicine, 18(8), 1444–1454. UB Libraries Link

Redfern, J. S., & Jann, M. W. (2019). The evolving role of pharmacists in transgender health care. Transgender Health, 4(1), 118–130. UB Libraries Link

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