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Readings on Race and Justice: Readings on Race & Justice

Articles and books on race and justice in urban planning and the built environment
Last Updated: May 13, 2024 3:21 PM

Readings on Race and Social Justice

Bates, Niya. 2016. "Race & architectural history : an appeal." Arris: journal of the Southeast Chapter of the Society of Architectural Historians 27:53-57.

Bloomer, Jennifer. 1998. "Pale houses, silenced shadows." Assemblage (37):46-67.

Brown, Adrienne. 2018. "The architecture of racial phenomena." Log (42):27-33.

Brown, Todd Levon. 2019. "Racialized Architectural Space: A Critical Understanding of its Production, Perception and Evaluation." Architecture_MPS: Architecture_Media_Politics_Society 15 (3):1-32. doi:

Cheng, Irene, Charles L. Davis, II, and Mabel O. Wilson. 2017. "Racial evidence." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 76 (4):440-442. doi:

Cramer, Ned, Whitney M. Young, Jr., Mimi Zeiger, Elizabeth Evitts Dickinson, Katharine Keane, Eric Wills, and Elizabeth Greenspan. 2018. "Architecture, equity & activism: 1968 to now." Architect (Washington, D.C.) 107 (5):106-155.

Davis, Charles L., II. 2018. "Blackness in practice : toward an architectural phenomenology of blackness." Log (42):43-54.

Evans, Teman, and Teran Evans. 2004. "Whites only or architectures of camouflage and subterfuge." ZAPP urbanism 1 (2):11.

Fisher, Alisha. 2019. "Alisha Fisher : Design innovation relies on diversity. Black women are often overlooked in architecture -- our network hopes to change that." Blueprint (London, England) (363):18.

Harris, Dianne Suzette. 2007. "Race, space, and the destabilization of practice [editorial]." Landscape journal 26 (1):1-9.

Hosey, Lance. 2001. "Hidden lines: gender, race, and the body in "Graphic Standards"Journal of architectural education 55 (2):101-112.

Kirchler, Leslie. 2005. "Architecture and landscapes of segregation: an historical look at the built environment of educational facilities in the United States." Berkeley planning journal 18 (1):79-99. doi:

Lee, Antoinette J. 2004. "From historic architecture to cultural heritage: a journey through diversity, identity and community." Future anterior: journal of historic preservation history, theory, and criticism 1 (2):14-23.

Liebermann, Wanda Katja. 2019. "Teaching embodiment: disability, subjectivity, and architectural education." Journal of architecture 24 (6):803-828.

Lipsitz, George. 2007. "The racialization of space and the spatialization of race: theorizing the hidden architecture of landscape." Landscape journal 26 (1):10-23.

Lokko, Lesley Naa Norle. 2002. "Arguments from silence." Journal of architecture 7 (4):369-374.

McGuigan, Cathleen. 2016. "Architecture and the history of race: the story of the African American experience can be powerfully reflected in the built environment [editorial]." Architectural record 204 (10):21.

Mortice, Zach. 2020. "A seat at the table: to design affordable housing in African American neighborhoods, architects navigate class, race, identity, and community in a privatized system. But can things get better?" Architect (Washington, D.C.) 109 (2):50-53.

Richards, Marie-Louise. 2017. "Hyper-visible Invisibility: Tracing the Politics, Poetics and Affects of the Unseen." Field: a free journal for architecture 7 (1):39-52. doi:

Sutton, Sharon E., and William Richards. 2018. "What does race have to do with architectural education?: Sharon Sutton on why Columbia University's story should matter to students -- and architects -- today [interview]." Architect (Washington, D.C.) 107 (5):95-96.

Waite, Richard, Ike Obanye, and Benjamin Charles Derbyshire. 2018. "Race Diversity Survey : is architecture in denial? Twenty-five years on from Stephen Lawrence's death, the AJ, in partnership with the Stephen Lawrence Charitable Trust, investigates attitudes to race within the profession." Architects' journal 245 (9):6-10.

Walker, Clive. 2005. "A black and white issue." Architects' journal 222 (2):16-17.


DiAngelo, R. "White Fragility." International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, (2011): 3(3).

"White people in North America live in a social environment that protects and insulates them from race-based stress. This insulated environment of racial protection builds white expectations for racial comfort while at the same time lowering the ability to tolerate racial stress, leading to what I refer to as White Fragility. White Fragility is a state in which even a minimum amount of racial stress becomes intolerable, triggering a range of defensive moves. These moves include the outward display of emotions such as anger, fear, and guilt, and behaviors such as argumentation, silence, and leaving the stress-inducing situation. These behaviors, in turn, function to reinstate white racial equilibrium. This paper explicates the dynamics of White Fragility."

DiAngelo, Robin J. "Why Can’t We All Just Be Individuals?: Countering the Discourse of Individualism in Anti-racist Education. InterActions: UCLA" Journal of Education and Information Studies,(2010): 6(1).

"Over many years as a white person co-facilitating anti-racism courses at the graduate and undergraduate levels and in the workplace for majority white participants, I have come to believe that the Discourse of Individualism is one of the primary barriers preventing well-meaning (and other) white people from understanding racism. Individualism is so deeply held in dominant society that it is virtually immovable without sustained effort. This article challenges the Discourse of Individualism by addressing eight key dynamics of racism that it obscures. I posit that the Discourse of Individualism functions to: deny the significance of race and the advantages of being white; hide the accumulation of wealth over generations; deny social and historical context; prevent a macro analysis of the institutional and structural dimensions of social life; deny collective socialization and the power of dominant culture (media, education, religion, etc.) to shape our perspectives and ideology; function as neo-colorblindness and reproduce the myth of meritocracy; and make collective action difficult. Further, being viewed as an individual is a privilege only available to the dominant group. I explicate each of these discursive effects and argue that while we may be considered individuals in general, white insistence on Individualism in discussions of racism in particular functions to obscure and maintain racism."