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Citing Sources: Books

This guide provides information and examples for citing sources properly according to the following citation style manuals: American Psychological Association (APA), 7th edition; Modern Language Association (MLA), 8th ed
Last Updated: Sep 9, 2021 2:32 PM

Book with Single Author

APA

Basic Format:

Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle.
Location: Publisher.

Lopez, B. (1986). Arctic dreams: Imagination and desire in a
northern landscape
. Scribner.


MLA

Basic Format:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Publisher, Year of Publication.

Lopez, Barry. Arctic Dreams: Imagination and Desire in a
Northern Landscape
. Scribner, 1986.


Chicago

Notes:

Jack Kerouac, The Dharma Bums (New York: Viking Press, 1958), 128.

Bibliography:

Kerouac, Jack. The Dharma Bums. New York: Viking Press, 1958.


CSE

Citation-Sequence

Lopez, B. Arctic dreams: imagination and desire in a northern
landscape. New York (NY): Scribner; 1997.

Name-Year

Lopez, B. 1997. Arctic dreams: imagination and desire in a
northern landscape. NewYork (NY): Scribner.

Book with two or more authors

APA

Breivik, P., & Gee, G. (2006). Higher education in the
Internet age: Libraries creating a strategic edge
.
Praeger.

Three to Twenty Authors: List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand. This is a departure from APA 6, which only required listing the first six authors before an ellipsis and the final author's name.


MLA

Breivik, Patricia, and Gordon Gee. Higher Education
in the Internet Age: Libraries Creating a Strategic
Edge
. Praeger Publishers, 2006.


Chicago

Notes:

Patricia Brevik and Gordon Gee, Higher Education in the Internet Age: Libraries Creating a Strategic Edge, (Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2006), 231-235.

Bibliography:

Breivik, Patricia , and Gordon Gee. Higher Education in the Internet Age: Libraries Creating a Strategic Edge. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. 2006.


CSE Citation-Sequence

Breivik P, Gee G. Higher education in the Internet age:
libraries creating a strategic edge. Westport (CT): Praeger; 2006.

Name-Year

Breivik P, Gee G. 2006. Higher education in the Internet age:
libraries creating a strategic edge. Westport (CT): Praeger.

Edited book

APA

Clayton, S. J. (Ed.). (2007). Going the distance: Library
instruction for remote learners.
Neal-Schuman.


MLA

Clayton, Susan J., ed. Going the Distance: Library Instruction
for Remote Learners.
Neal-Schuman, 2007.


Chicago

Notes:

Susan J. Clayton, ed. Going the Distance: Library Instruction for Remote Learners, (New York: Neal-Schuman, 2007), 112-113.

Bibliography:

Clayton, Susan J., ed. Going the Distance: Library Instruction for Remote Learners. New York: Neal-Schuman, 2007.


CSE

Citation-Sequence

Cimellaro G, Andrei R, Bruneau M, Rutenberg A, editors.
Multidimensional fragility of structures: formulation and evaluation.
Buffalo (NY): Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering
Research; 2006.

Name-Year

Cimellaro G, Andrei, R Bruneau, M Rutenberg, A. 2006. Multidimensional
fragility of structures: formulation and evaluation. Buffalo (NY):
Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research.

E-book

APA

Subscription

Ochs, S. (2004). A history of nerve functions: From animal spirits to molecular mechanisms. http://www.ebrary.com/corp

Free Web

Austin, Jane. (1895). Pride and Prejudice. Macmillan.
http://www.gutenberg.org/catalog/world/readfile?
fk_files=907737


MLA

Subscription

Cohen, Daniel. Our Modern Times: The New Nature of Capitalism in the Information Age.

MIT Press, 2013. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). https://akin.css.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=694388&site=eds-live&scope=site. Accessed 11 Jan. 2016.

Free Web

Scranton, Robert. Mediaeval Architecture in the Central Area of
Corinth
. American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 1957. https://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=acls;cc=acls; view=toc;idno=heb02919.0001.001. Accessed 21 Feb. 2017.

Chicago

Notes:

Catherine Delafield and Bob Jones, Women’s Diaries as Narrative in the Nineteenth-Century
Novel,
(Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009), NetLibrary e-book, 33.

Bibliography:

Delafield, Catherine, and Bob Jones. Women's Diaries as Narrative in the Nineteenth-Century
Novel
. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009, NetLibrary e-book.


CSE

Citation-Sequence

Fischbach, FT. A manual of laboratory and diagnostic tests [web].
Philadelphia (PA): Kluwer; 2009.

Name-Year

Fischbach, FT. 2009. A manual of laboratory and diagnostic tests [web].
Philadelphia (PA): Kluwer.

Entry in encyclopedia

APA

With author given:

Zophy, J.W. (1999). Habsburg dynasty. In Encyclopaedia of
the Renaissance
(Vol. 3, pp.109-116). New York: Gale.

With no author given:

Civil engineers. (2005). In Encyclopedia of careers and
vocational guidance
(Vol. 2, pp. 516-519). New York:
Ferguson.


MLA

Library Database

Myers, Kathleen Ann. "Juana Inés de la Cruz, Sor." The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History, edited by Bonnie G. Smith, Oxford UP, 2008. Oxford Reference, www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195148909.001.0001/acref-9780195148909-e-541. Accessed 29 May 2015


Chicago

[According to The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.), Well-known general reference works are typically only cited in notes; they are not given a bibliography entry.

Notes:

Olivia Markuson, "Judy Chicago," In Encyclopedia of Women Artists of the 20th Century (Boston: Commonwealth Press, 2008), 43.


CSE

No example provided in current edition.

Book Review

APA

Rogers, M. (1995, August). [Review of the books The Tree Where Man
Was Born
and Wildlife in America, by P. Matthiessen]. Library Journal,
120(8), 138.


MLA

Rogers, Michael. Rev. of The Tree Where Man Was Born and Wildlife
in America
, by Peter Matthiessen. Library Journal, 12 Dec. 2016, p.


Chicago

Notes:

David Kamp, “Deconstructing Dinner,” review of The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A
Natural History of Four Meals, by Michael Pollan, New York Times, April 23,
2006, Sunday Book Review, http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/23/books/review/23kamp.html.

Bibliography:

Kamp, David. “Deconstructing Dinner.” Review of The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A
Natural History of Four Meals
, by Michael Pollan. New York Times, April 23,
2006, Sunday Book Review. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/23/books/review/23kamp.html.


CSE

No example provided in current edition.

Thesis or dissertation

APA

Library Database :

McGuire, D.T., Jr. (1985).History as epic: Silius Italicus and
the second Punic War
(Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved
from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No.
1432685)

Free Web :

Kerr, P.G. (1985). Liturgical spaces: Procession in the
Catholic church
(Master's thesis). Retrieved from
http://hdl.handle.net/1853/21641

Print:

Rogers, T.L. (2005). Creating and on-line learning
community for new school superintendents: Using
technology to answer the unmet professional development
needs of educational learners
(Doctoral dissertation).
Columbia University, New York.

Christensen, B.A. (2000). Biomechanics and behavior of
hummingbird molt
. (Unpublished master's thesis). University
of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.


MLA

Library Database:

McGuire, Donald T., Jr. "History as Epic: Silius Italicus and the
Second Punic War." Diss. Cornell U, 1985. ProQuest
Dissertations and Theses.
Web. 8 July 2009.

Free Web :

Christensen, Beth, A. "Biomechanics and Behavior of Hummingbird
Molt." MS thesis U of British Columbia, 2000. Web. 8 July 2009.

Print:

Rogers, Thomas L. "Creating and On-line Learning Community for
New School Superintendents: Using Technology to Answer the
Unmet Professional Development Needs of Educational Learners."
Diss. Teachers College, Columbia U, 2005.


Chicago

Published:

Notes:

Libra Rose Hilde, "Worth a Dozen Men: Women, Nursing, and Medical Care during the American Civil War" (PhD diss., Harvard University, 2003), 295, ProQuest (3091579).

Bibliography:

Hilde, Libra Rose. "Worth a Dozen Men: Women, Nursing, and Medical Care during the American
Civil War." PhD diss., Harvard University, 2003. ProQuest (3091579).

Unpublished [the word "unpublished" is unnecessary]:

Notes:

Tara Hostetler, “Bodies at War: Bacteriology and the Carrier Narratives of ‘Typhoid
Mary’” (Master’s thesis, Florida State University, 2007).

Bibliography:

Hostetler, Tara. “Bodies at War: Bacteriology and the Carrier Narratives of
‘Typhoid Mary.’” Master’s thesis, Florida State University, 2007.


CSE

Christensen BA. Biomechanics and behavior of hummingbird molt
[master's thesis]. [Vancouver (BC)]: University of British Columbia; 2000.

[The latest edition does not distinguish between print and online
dissertations or theses.]

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