AAS 149 Glisch-Sanchez: APA Citation
Here are some of the common source types with templates and examples in APA style.
For more details, see the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL).
For ASA, refer to Purdue OWL's guide.
Basic Format with DOI:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, page range. doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000
Ku, G. (2008). Learning to de-escalate: The effects of regret in escalation of commitment. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 105, 221-232. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2007.08.002.
Basic Format with no DOI:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number. Retrieved from http://www.journalhomepage.com/full/url/
Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 8. Retrieved from http://www.cac.psu.edu/jbe/twocont.html
Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.
Lopez, B. (1986). Arctic dreams: Imagination and desire in a northern landscape. New York: Scribner.
Must include online access information. See Purdue OWL for details.
Kinsella, M. (2011). Legend-tripping online : supernatural folklore and the search for Ong's hat. Retrieved from https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.gate.lib.buffalo.edu
APA requires author-date format for in-text citations. The last name of the author and the year of publication must be included.
Page numbers should be included when using direct quotes. If you are paraphrasing an idea from the work, referring to the entire book or work, page numbers are not included.
According to Umbridge (2005), "Young adults change their values when engaging in social media, focusing intently on the goal of popularity" (p. 64).
Umbridge (2005) found "young adults change their values when engaging in social media, focusing intently on the goal of popularity" (p. 64).
She asserts that "young adults change their values when engaging in social media, focusing intently on the goal of popularity" (Umbridge, 2005, p. 64).
Summary or Paraphrase
When paraphrasing an idea from another work, only the author and year of publication are required. APA guidelines do encourage writers to still include page numbers, though it is not required.
Umbridge (2005) indicates that young adult's values change to focus on popularity on social media platforms.
Young adults alter their values, focusing on popularity, in the context of social media (Umbridge, 2005, p. 64).
Research by Von Bergen and Smythe (2008) suggests...
(Von Bergen & Smythe, 2008)
(Von Bergen & Smyth, 2008, p. 29)
Three to Five Authors
First time citing this work in the body of your paper: (Rosenheck, Donner, Willis, Danvers, & Horowitz, 1993)
Subsequent citations: (Rosenheck et al., 1993)
Six or More Authors
Jarvis et al. (2001) found...
(Jarvis et al., 2001)
When there is no author, use the first two or three words of the title of the work. Use the correct formatting for the title based on source type.
Articles: ("Social Media and Teen Value Shifts," 2016)
Books: (Adolescent Development in the Age of Social Media, 2014).
Organization as Author
According to the American Heart Association (2007),...
First citation: (Students Against Drunk Driving [SADD], 2011)
Subsequent citations: (SADD, 2011).