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Technical Standards: Obtaining Standards

Last Updated: Apr 26, 2024 4:34 PM

The University at Buffalo Libraries have a selected collection of standards and specifications. If we do not own the standards you are looking for, this page outlines some additional ways to obtain them.

Freely Accessible Standards

Some standards are freely accessible to the public, or to students, specifically. Details on how to access select standards at no cost are provided below.

ANSI IBR Standards Portal - Standards Incorporated by Reference

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Incorporated by Reference (IBR) Portal provides access to standards that have been incorporated by reference in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). These standards incorporated by the U.S. government in rulemakings are offered at no cost in “read only” format and are presented for online reading. There are no print or download options.

Many standards developing organizations are included, however, please note, only selected standards (those which are incorporated by reference) are available to view. Some of the standards organizations included are, but are not limited to:

  • IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission)
  • ISO (International Organization for Standardization)
  • ASHRAE (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers)
  • ICC (International Code Council)
  • UL (Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.)
  • HFES (the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society)
  • IES (Illuminating Engineering Society)

For additional access requirements and a full listing of standards, visit the ANSI IBR Portal page.

ASTM International Standards via the ASTM Reading Room

While UB currently has access to a free trial of the ASTM Compass database, mandatory ASTM standards (those called out in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)) are always freely accessible through the ASTM Reading Room.

Please be aware, standards cannot be downloaded or printed, but the full text can be read in the browser. Also important to note, is the most recent version (year) of the ASTM standard is not always the mandatory version. Only the version that is currently mandatory can be viewed through the ASTM Reading Room,.

Purchasing Standards from Commercial Vendors

Or, you can purchase standards from commercial vendors/webstores that sell standards.

  • Techstreet - Sells standards from many different standards organizations; for a full list of publishers click here. Standards may be ordered online, in electronic or hard copy format. 

  • American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Webstore -  While ANSI is a standards developing organization, they also sell many standards, both national and international, directly on the ANSI Webstore. 
  • Accuris Standards Store (from IHS) - A full list of available publishers can be found by clicking here. Order standards in print hard copy or electronic PDF formats.

  • Intertek Inform (formerly SAI Global)  - This vendor also provides various global standards for purchase online, in hard copy or electronically. A listing of available publishers can be found by clicking here.

Full Text Access to Standards

Engineering Librarian

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Erin Rowley
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The University at Buffalo is committed to ensuring digital accessibility for people with disabilities. We are continually improving the user experience for everyone and applying the relevant accessibility standards to ensure we provide equal access to all users. If you experience any difficulty in scheduling an appointment with me on this website, I will provide an alternative means of making an appointment. To request assistance or provide suggestions about improving the user experience, please contact me, Erin Rowley, via email ( or phone (716-645-1369).
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