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Great Lakes Essential Resources: Flora & Fauna

Last Updated: Jun 3, 2024 12:23 PM

Invasive Species

 approximately 20 zebra mussels clustered


Randy Westbrooks, Invasive Plant Control, Inc.,, zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) (Pallas)  Image source:

Live grass carp in water 

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission ,, grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)  Image source:

person's hand next to many silver carp on table

Illinois Natural History Survey ,, silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix)  Image source:

adult live sea lamprey

Lee Emery, US Fish and Wildlife Service,, sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) . Image source:

close up of white zooplankton

Gary Montz,, spiny water flea (Bythotrephes cederstroemii)  Image source:

man standing in field of tall purple flowers

Eric Coombs, Oregon Department of Agriculture,, purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)  Image source:

purple flowers in grassy field

Rob Routledge, Sault College,, purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)  Image source:

tan and green grass and reeds next to shore


John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy,, common reed (Phragmites australis)  Image source:

beige-colored reeds against backdrop of sky

Mandy Tu, The Nature Conservancy,, common reed (Phragmites australis)  Image source:

Threatened and Endangered Species

underwater view of three lake sturgeon fish

Eric Engbretson, Lake Sturgeon (2008). Image source: USFWS National Digital Library

three or four goldenrod in a field


Rob Routledge, Sault College,, Houghton's goldenrod (Oligoneuron houghtonii) . Image source:

purple flower in grass

Rob Routledge, Sault College,, Dwarf lake iris (Iris lacustris). Image source:

Fisheries and Commercial Fishing Activities and Impact

General Resources