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Maps & Cartography: Home

Last Updated: May 13, 2024 2:26 PM

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This guide gathers a selected list of geography and map resources available on the Internet and in the UB Libraries. 

Geography & Maps: Selected Resources

Use the following links to navigate this page:

Career Information

Global Positioning System (GPS)

  • GPS World
  • GPS Introduction (Garmin). What it is, how it works, how to start working with GPS. Also has sections on advanced concepts, such as WAAS (Wide Area Augmentation System).
  • FAA GPS Website. The Federal Aviation Administration site contains basics, technical aspects, regulations, and policies on use, among other resources. A valuable site.
  • Global Positioning Systems (GPS) Resource Library (GPSy). Software applications, data sets, and other resources for GPS users.
  • Geocaching - The Official Global GPS Cache Hunt Site. Become more efficient with your GPS while having fun at the same time. Provides additional data and learning activities
  • GPS Utility (software). Computer program for handling GPS information.
  • Xastir. The Xastir APRS/Mapping program now supports USGS DRG geotiff topo maps, which are available for most areas of the U.S. for free. The total number of map formats that this program can handle is up to 114. Xastir has compiled and run successfully on Solaris, FreeBSD, Linux, and Mac OS X to date. Sorry, we don't do Windows.
  • Transverse Mercator Calculator. A useful tool for GPS users.

Coordinate Producing and Converting Resources

Maps and Mapping


UTM and UTM Calculation

Latitude/Longitude Calculation

Quick Tools & Maps

  • World Historical Gazetteer Launched in November 2022, this beta site is a "collection of content and services that permit world historians, their students, and the general public to do spatial and temporal reasoning and visualization in a data rich environment at global and trans-regional scales." 
  • Cartographic Reference Resources (Univ. of Texas at Austin, P-C Library). Links for Distance Calculators, Gazetteers, Glossaries, Guides, Map Scale, etc.
  • How far is it? Site calculates the distance between two points; accurate enough for general measurements.
  • Distance Calculator (InfoPlease). Simple distance calculation between two named cities.
  • Google Maps Distance Calculator. Select a starting point, find ending point and mark, then distance (mi. or km) is displayed.
  • Map Crow. Find the distance (as the crow flies) between cities. Presently limited selection of cities, however list is growing.
  • Great Circle Distance & Calculator. Brief description of concepts. Gives formulae for calculating great circle distances given lat/long. of points.
  • Magnetic Field Calculators (NOAA/NGDC). Compute magnetic declination, by entering location and date of interest. Following this, you can Learn How to Use Your Declinination Value.
  • Nautical Calculators (National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGIA). Calculators to solve many marine navigation equations and conversions. Each calculator page is a self-contained JavaScript program that can be downloaded and used offline.
  • Map Maker: Show Off Where You've Been. Select a base map, then select all countries or states that you have visited, push the button and get an image showing your selections. Also good for making simple maps showing any country-specific data (e.g., countries that produce a specific product).

Geography Resources

  • Glossaries of Geographical Terms. Also has GIS glossaries.
  • USGS Geography Educational Materials. For teachers and students. Lessons and exercises in geography, map reading and use, geological study, and other topics. Also has great links to additional student/teacher sites online.
  • World Population maps. Gridded Population of the World (GPW). Maps showing population distribution, from UN and world government data set. Please note: A free account is required to view these.


  • Epi Info ™ ? (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Epi Info? (free download) allows, epidemiologists and other professionals to develop a questionnaire or form, customize the data entry process, and enter and analyze data. Epidemiologic statistics, tables, graphs, and maps are produced with simple commands. Epi Map displays geographic maps with data from Epi Info?. Page has data downloads for created studies, help, and other materials. See their page: Resources for Creating Public Health Maps.
  • GEOTRANS Geographic Translator (US National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency). Software and source code found on main Office of Geomatics page. GEOTRANS (Geographic Translator) is an application program for easy conversion of geographic coordinates among a wide variety of coordinate systems, map projections, and datums.
  • How to Make Your Own Google Maps (Google). Official information and help page for creating custom maps using Google Maps.
  • Project GeoSim - Geography Education Software.
  • Smart Draw. Draw maps; templates included.
  • Your Sky Celestial Chart creator (Fourmi Lab). Enter coordinates and time, get a map. If you choose a specific city, you get a by-product of exact coordinates for that city.

Map Librarian

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Sam Kim
118 Lockwood Library, North Campus
(716) 645-7785

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